Logistics UK: Sustainability takes flight
03 / 04 / 2023
Air cargo is a vital part of the logistics sector, providing fast and efficient transportation of goods around the world to meet increasing online consumer demand, but is arguably one of the most difficult modes to decarbonise.
As the economy faces rising fuel costs, it is crucial that both government and the industry recognise the vital role that Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) can play in decarbonising aviation, and the action needed by both parties to scale production and distribute globally.
The world’s first net zero transatlantic flight using solely SAF, flying from London Heathrow to New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport, will pave the way for sustainable air travel.
When fully replacing kerosene, SAF can reduce lifecycle carbon emissions by 70% compared to conventional fossil jet fuel.
The use of 100% SAF on an airfreight flight, combined with carbon removal through biochar credits – a material which traps and stores carbon taken from the atmosphere – will achieve a net zero flight and provide industry with sustainable airfreight logistics.
Alongside advancements in SAF, the logistics sector expects to see an acceleration of e-fuel development, as made from renewable energy sources e-fuels represent a major opportunity to decarbonise aviation.
Although a suitable alternative and replacement to Kerosene, there are concerns over the readiness of the biofuels used to produce SAF. Not restricted by such measures, the main issue surrounding e-fuels is that their production would require a huge amount of power.
Most projects focus on electricity as the power source to manufacture e-fuels, with the sustainability of the fuel reliant on the power source used to produced it being from a renewable energy.
Encouragingly, electric regional aviation is making great progress due to ongoing advancements in battery technology.
Projects spearheaded by NASA will take centre-stage as they continue to research and develop solid-state batteries, as opposed to lithium-ion batteries, in the bid to produce workable electric aircraft batteries.
With the exception that carbon offsetting and carbon capture and storage would be necessary to fulfil the 2050 target, aviation decarbonisation remains exceedingly challenging.
However, by promising to cut carbon emissions by 70%, government should take all reasonable steps to enhance the usage and accessibility of SAF, through both manufacturing and financial incentives.
Not only will SAF be key in decarbonising aviation through lowering aircraft emissions, of which Logistics UK supports the SAF mandate of 10% by 2030, but it has the potential to create a UK industry with an annual turnover of £2.4bn by 2040, and which supports up to 5,200 UK jobs by 2035.
Outside factors needing to be taken into consideration for decarbonising air cargo alongside fuel and emissions include the procedures before and after a cargo aircraft takes flight, constructing more environmentally friendly warehouses, placing solar panels on every roof, utilising electric forklifts and vehicles, and using recycled pallets to transport goods.
As part of the UK Government’s Jet Zero policy, which was introduced in July 2022 and sets out a strategy for how the nation’s aviation sector will attain net-zero emissions by 2050, there is an ambitious goal for all airport operations in England to be zero-emission by 2040.
The UK Government has launched a consultation asking the industry on how best to achieve these zero-emission airports whilst still reaping the benefits of the aviation sector.
Championing policies that aim to create a sustainable air freight sector, Logistics UK supports the Department for Transport’s Call for Evidence, focusing on the decarbonisation of airport operations.
A zero emissions target for 2040 represents a sector supporting the UK’s Jet Zero goals, and a sector committed to achieving net-zero operations in 2050.
Logistics UK encourages operators within the sector to provide their viewpoint in the call for evidence on how the UK Government may accomplish its 2040 deadline.
This integration of the aviation sector into the decarbonisation process is crucial, as its long-term and sustainable future will be shaped by the whole industry.
Supply Chain Spotlight: Logistics UK – airfreight’s route to net zero